Turkish Main Battle Tank ‘ALTAY’ to Enter Mass Production in May
“We will push the button on mass production in May, if nothing goes wrong,” said the Defense Minister Fikri Işık. The Altay Project 2nd Period Mass Production Project involves the mass production of 250 tanks and their integrated logistical support activities. Finally, the engine which has troubled Turkey for a long time, will be provided by Ukraine. (12/04/17)
Poland Expects to Ink $7.6 Billion Deal for Patriot Systems
Poland expects to buy 8 Patriot missile systems (PAC-3) by end-2017 from US firm Raython, according to Polish Defense Minister. Poland is undergoing a modernization of its armed forces by 2023, in light of what Poland describes as “growing aggression and a growing threat from the East.”.(31/03/17)
Comment : Although, a defensive weapon system, this purchase will surely won’t go unnoticed by Russia.
Officials from both sides haveexpressed their interest in the missile sale. The sale was discussed between TayyipErdoğan and Vladimir Putin in Moscow during Erdoğan’s visit to Russia March 10.The deal would be the largest of its kind ever between Turkey and Russia.(15/03/17)
Comment : The S-400 long range air defense missile system is capable to intercept aircraft and missile threats with high accuracy within 400 km range. It is described as a highly lethal weapon system by military analysts. Until now, S-400 systems have been exported to China and India.
Gulf Arab States Push to Develop Their Own Defense Industries
Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates seek to become more independent on U.S. and other Western countries on arms imports. The Saudi government, world’s No. 3 Defense Spender after U.S. and China, announced last year itsintention to push 50% of its defense spending to local firms by 2030, up from 2% today. Under new official policies, the Saudi government would agree to defense deals with foreign providers “only if they are linked to local industry.”(29/03/17)
Russian Defense Industry Almost Independent From Ukrainian Industry
Russian Presidential Aide for Military-Technical Cooperation said “almost” when asked whether the Russian defense industry was almost freed of dependence on supplies from Ukraine.Import substitution in Russia’s economy has been a key policy since mid-2014, after the West as well as Kiev imposed several rounds of sanctions against Moscow over its alleged involvement in the Ukraine conflict. The restrictions targeted Russia’s banking, energy and defense sectors. (23/03/17)
Under threat, France grooms army hackers for Cyberwarfare
France conducted an exercise on Cyberwarfare between March 20 and 31. The goal is to create the “Forth Army”, an army that is expected to include by 2019, 3.200 digital soldiers. Nevertheless, the same army is to work either on defensive mode or offensive mode. The French military is looking for young ones with skills and curiosity about cyberspace and the supply is great, considering that each one is a getting a salary that reaches 3,000 Euros. (05/04/2017)
The training will take place around Scotland, under the NATO’s exercise “Joint Warrior”, from 26 March to 6 April. It will include: AI Technology to build a “ship’s mind”, Cutting edge technology and unmanned aerial vehicles, satellite imagery, as well as tests on the defense process against cyber attacks on the communication, combat and control systems. (21/03/2017)
Comment: These exercises are to invigorate the military forces against the new field of war and defense, the cyberspace.
The German Cyber and Information Space Command (CIR) intends to create a new branch on the military force and is going to use for that 13.500 specialists and soldiers to fight any cyber attack. The unit is the 6th branch of the German Military with the other fives being the army, navy, air force, joint medical service and joint support service. It was confirmed by the commander of the unit, Ludwig Leinhos, that the branch does not just have defensive objectives, but offensive ones as well. (0/04/2017)
Comment: The creation of this branch is of a great meaning, as it puts Cyberwarfare along with the other battlefields such as aerial or naval. It is time to awaken the world against Cyberwarfare, as it is shown by the numbers, too. Only in German, the first nine weeks of the year took place more than 284,000 attacks on the military systems.
Brad Smith, Microsoft’s President on the RSA Conference made a call upon countries to agree in a Digital Geneva Convention that would allow all actors to operate safe in cyberspace and would prevent cyber attacks. The purpose is to protect either companies and states or civilians. The Digital Geneva Convention is a reference to the actual Geneva Convention that was signed 1949 and placed rules on war. (10/03/2017)
Comment: According to ISACA a 74% of companies expect that they will be hacked every year. Furthermore, the cost for that kind of attacks, will be almost 3trillion $ up to 2020. Considering the dangers and the cost of Cyberwarfare and Cyber attacks, maybe it is the time for a treaty or a pact that will place rules in this war.
War Geoeoconomics Team was established in October 2016 in the Defence Affairs Sector at the Institute of International Relations. It’s purpose is to present an interdisciplinary approach of Defense Economics in the fields of International Relations and Geopolitics